Sanding & Refinishing Hardwood Floors

Sanding and Preparation

We use 99% dust-free drum sanders to sand the main body of the floor and orbital sanders to reach into the corners and next to the walls. With the dust-free sanding units, virtually no wood dust remains after the sanding process. As we sand the floors, we begin with coarse-grit sandpaper to remove the old urethane finish and remove enough of the wood surface to alleviate scratches and smooth the surface. We then move to finer and finer grit sandpaper, doing multiple passes to achieve a glass-like surface in preparation for the application of the wood floor stain.

Wood Stain Application:

Once the raw wood surface is perfectly smooth, with all scratches and pits sanded out, we apply wood stain in your choice of color. There are a wide variety of stain colors and levels of opacity. We use oil-based stains as they are the most stable and offer the most consistent color. When applying a stain color to wood, the color hue of the wood and the color variations in the grain pattern need to be considered, as the application of the stain will “mix” with the color of the wood to create it’s own color. In order to avoid surprises, we will apply stain color samples to the raw wood floor to show you how the color looks on your wood floor. We can use standard wood stain colors from Minwax and Duraseal or mix custom stain colors by combining stain colors with other stain colors or with opaque stain base to create colored stains that have a slightly opaque “masking effect”. In any case, we will assist you in finding a color that enhances the look of your hardwood floor and blends beautifully with the other design features in your home. Once we have decided on a stain color and applied it evenly, we let the stain dry overnight.

Finish Coating:

With the wood stain dry, we apply the first coat of water-based polyurethane. we let the first coat dry and then sand lightly and apply a second coat, creating a strong bond between coats. We normally use water-based polyurethane as it is stable, dries quickly, and creates a durable finish on hardwood floors. The Bona water-based polyurethane we use dries quickly, minimizing the disruption to your life by allowing you to use your home and enjoy your new wood floors soon after we complete the sanding/staining/refinishing process. We also work with oil-based finishes when needed to match existing wood flooring or to create an “antique look” caused by the “ambering” (yellowing of the finish) of traditional oil-based finishes.

Indianapolis floor refinishing specialist sanding a hardwood floor using a drum sander

Sanding a hardwood floor using a drum sanding machine. The 99% dust-free system minimizes the mess created by sanding wood floors.

Indianapolis wood floor worker applying water-based polyurethane to a freshly sanded and stained hardwood kitchen floor

Applying water-based polyurethane to a freshly sanded and stained wood floor in an Indianapolis kitchen. Quick-drying water-based polyurethane goes on smoothly and creates a durable protective coating on wood floors.